Since 1960, the per capita supply of food has increased over 30 percent. (FAO, 2015) Food production is clearly out pacing population growth. Although hunger and undernourishment have declined, in 2014, there are still about 795 million people that are undernourished globally. (FAO, IFAD & WFP, 2015) In contrast, more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight and over 600 million were considered obese. (WHO, 2015)
The effectiveness of the global food system to deliver nutritious food efficiently, economically, and fairly is the challenge. Consumer choices, distribution systems, poverty, international trade, food and agricultural policies, subsidies, information flow, war, education and many other factors all play a role in global food security. Breakdowns in the global food system are not only a root cause of hunger, under achievement, and obesity, but have also been identified as a key cause of social unrest and in some cases civil war.
The food systems need to deliver increased production efficiency, reduced waste, effective distribution, processing and marketing, and access to provide safe and nutritious food.
What are we doing to address these challenges?
ISFS will evaluate food policies to determine their impact on sustainability, food security, and access to food.
ISFS will model food system to understand change over time and space, identifying potential stress areas (extreme climate, diseases, wars, etc.) that could affect production and create cascading effects globally;
ISFS will work to bring together academia, the private sector, governments, NGOs, and local communities to develop pathways to producing food more efficiently and fairly.
- FAO, 2016. http://faostat3.fao.org/download/FB/CC/E
- FAO, IFAD and WFP. 2015. The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015. Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress. Rome, FAO. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4646e.pdf
- WHO, 2015. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/